Mobility flows are very limited, due to the war and war-like situation of the country for many years. While incoming mobility is almost none, outbound flows are ongoing.
Funders of mobility: international funds, HEIs and the national Ministry of HE.
Geographical scope of mobility: due to the recent difficulties in the exchanges with Europe (in terms of visa and opportunities), Syrian HEIs are looking primarily at exchanges with Russia, Iran, and China.
During undergraduate studies, it is mostly students from private universities who go on mobility, while students at public universities go on mobility during their Master’s or Phd, as a training period.
Academic and administrative staff mobility is ongoing, and is very well recognized at the HEI in terms of prestige and reputation, being socially and culturally valued.